2010 has 110 Days Down, 255 to go: April 20 in History: 1961 Bay of Pigs Invasion of Cuba Failed; Trial-by-Battle upheld in 1818; Robert E. Lee Resigned U.S. Army 1861; Modern Bob Marley-Inspired? Pot Parties in US; Siege of Boston 1775; Columbine Colorado High School Shootings 1989; Jacques Cartier discovered Canada 1534; Adolf Hitler born in 1889; what if?


Events (all from Wikipedia)—April 20—How did Hitler’s Birthday end up as National Smoke Weed day in the U.S.?  Ah, the mysteries of life.

Historical “What if” of the day: if Virginia hadn’t seceded, Robert E. Lee might have commanded the northern forces against a much reduced Confederate States of America….and Slavery would almost certainly NOT have been abolished anywhere…. and the 1871 Civil Rights Act certainly would never have been enacted….so there never would have been the modern 42 U.S.C. Section 1983 action in vindication of civil rights—yes, the world would have been a very different place….

1303 – The University of Rome La Sapienza is instituted by Pope Boniface VIII.

1453 – The last naval battle in Byzantine history occurs, as three Genoese galleys escorting a Byzantine transport fight their way through the huge Ottoman blockade fleet and into the Golden Horn.

1534Jacques Cartier begins the voyage during which he discovers Canada and Labrador.

1535 – The Sun Dog phenomenon observed over Stockholm and depicted in the famous painting “Vädersolstavlan

1653Oliver Cromwell dissolves the Rump Parliament.

1657Admiral Robert Blake destroys a Spanish silver fleet under heavy fire at Santa Cruz de Tenerife.

1657 – Freedom of religion is granted to the Jews of New Amsterdam (later New York City).

1689 – The former King James II of England, now deposed, lays siege to Derry.

1775American Revolutionary War: the Siege of Boston begins, following the battles at Lexington and Concord.

1792France declares war on Austria, the beginning of French Revolutionary Wars.

1809 – Two Austrian army corps in Bavaria are defeated by a First French Empire army led by Napoleon I of France at the Battle of Abensberg on the second day of a four day campaign which ended in a French victory.

1810 – The Governor of Caracas declares independence from Spain.

1818 – The case of Ashford v Thornton was concluded, with Abraham Thornton allowed to go free rather than face a retrial for murder, after his demand for trial by battle was upheld.

1828René Caillié becomes the first non-Muslim to enter Timbouctou.

1836U.S. Congress passes an act creating the Wisconsin Territory.

1861American Civil War: Robert E. Lee resigns his commission in the United States Army in order to command the forces of the state of Virginia.

1862Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard complete the first pasteurization tests.

1871 – The Civil Rights Act of 1871 becomes law.

1884Pope Leo XIII publishes the encyclical Humanum Genus.

1902Pierre and Marie Curie refine radium chloride.

1908 – Opening day of competition of the New South Wales Rugby League.

1912 – Opening day for baseball stadiums Tiger Stadium in Detroit, Michigan, and Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts.

1914 – Forty-five men, women, and children die in the Ludlow Massacre during a Colorado coal-miner’s strike.

1916 – The Chicago Cubs play their first game at Weeghman Park (currently Wrigley Field), defeating the Cincinnati Reds 7-6 in 11 innings

1918Manfred von Richthofen, aka The Red Baron, shoots down his 79th and 80th victims marking his final victories before his death the following day.

1926Western Electric and Warner Bros. announce Vitaphone, a process to add sound to film.

1939Billie Holiday records the first Civil Rights song “Strange Fruit“.

1945World War II: US troops capture Leipzig, Germany, only to later cede the city to the Soviet Union.

1945 – World War II: Fuehrerbunker: Adolf Hitler makes his last trip to the surface to award Iron Crosses to boy soldiers of the Hitler Youth.

1961 – Failure of the Bay of Pigs Invasion of US-backed troops against Cuba.

1964BBC Two launches with the power cut because of the fire at Battersea Power Station.

1968English politician Enoch Powell makes his controversial Rivers of Blood speech.

1972Apollo 16 landed on the moon commanded by John Young.

1978Korean Air Flight 902 is shot down by Soviets.

1980 – Climax of Berber Spring in Algeria as hundreds of Berber political activists are arrested.

1984 – The Good Friday Massacre, an extremely violent ice hockey playoff game, is played in Montreal, Canada.

1985ATF raid on The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord compound in northern Arkansas.

1986 – Pianist Vladimir Horowitz performs in his native Russia for the first time in 61 years.

1986 – Professional basketball player Michael Jordan sets all-time record for points in an NBA playoff game with 63 against the Boston Celtics.

1998German terrorist group Red Army Faction announces their dissolution after 28 years.

1999Columbine High School massacre: Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold kill 13 people and injure 24 others before committing suicide at Columbine High School in Jefferson County, Colorado.

2007Johnson Space Center Shooting: A man with a handgun barricades himself in NASA‘s Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas before killing a male hostage and himself.

2008Danica Patrick wins the Indy Japan 300 becoming the first female driver in history to win an Indy car race.

[edit]

Births

571Muhammad, (traditional date) Prophet and founder of Islam (d. 632)

702Jafar Sadiq, Shi’a Imam and Muslim scholar (d. 765)

1494Johannes Agricola, German Protestant reformer (d. 1566)

1586Saint Rose of Lima, Peruvian saint (d. 1617)

1633Emperor Go-Komyo of Japan (d. 1654)

1646Charles Plumier, French botanist (d. 1704)

1650William Bedloe, English informer (d. 1680)

1668Yuri Troubetzkoy, Governor of Belgorod (d. 1739)

1718David Brainerd, American missionary (d. 1747)

1723Cornelius Harnett, American Continental Congress delegate (d. 1781)

1727Comte de Mercy-Argenteau, Belgian-born Austrian diplomat (d. 1794)

1745Philippe Pinel, French physician (d. 1826)

1808Napoleon III of France, Emperor of the French (d. 1873)

1818Heinrich Göbel, German-born inventor (d. 1893)

1826Dinah Craik, English author (d. 1887)

1850Daniel Chester French, American sculptor (d. 1931)

1851Young Tom Morris, Scottish golfer (d. 1875)

1870Maulvi Abdul Haq, Pakistani scholar (d. 1961)

1871Sydney Chapman, British economist and civil servant (d. 1951)

1879Paul Poiret, French couturier (d. 1944)

1882Holland Smith, U.S. General (d. 1967)

1884Princess Beatrice of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1966)

1889Albert Jean Amateau, Turkish-born businessman and activist (d. 1996)

1889 – Adolf Hitler, German Nazi dictator (d. 1945)

1890Maurice Duplessis, premier of Quebec (d. 1959)

1893Harold Lloyd, American actor (d. 1971)

1893 – Edna Parker, American supercentenarian (d. 2008)

1893 – Joan Miró, Spanish painter (d. 1983)

1895Emile Christian, American musician (d. 1973)

1896Wop May, Canadian aviator (d. 1952)

1896 – Henry de Montherlant, French writer (d. 1972)

1904Bruce Cabot, American actor (d. 1972)

1904 – George Stibitz, American scientist (d. 1995)

1907Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier, Haitian president (d. 1971)

1908Lionel Hampton, American musician (d. 2002)

1914Betty Lou Gerson, American actress (d. 1999)

1915Joseph Wolpe, South African–born psychotherapist (d. 1997)

1918Edward L. Beach, Jr., American naval officer, author (d. 2002)

1918 – Kai Siegbahn, Swedish physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2007)

1919Richard Hillary, Australian pilot and author (d. 1943)

1920John Paul Stevens, American jurist

1920 – Ronald Speirs, WWII Veteran (d. 2007)

1921Janine Sutto, French-Canadian actress

1923Mother Angelica, American nun and broadcaster

1923 – Tito Puente, American musician (d. 2000)

1924Leslie Phillips, English actor

1924 – Nina Foch, Dutch-born American actress (d. 2008)

1925Ernie Stautner, German-born American football player (d. 2006)

1927Phil Hill, American race car driver (d. 2008)

1927 – Karl Alexander Müller, Swiss physicist, Nobel Prize laureate

1928Johnny Gavin, Irish footballer (d. 2007)

1928 – Gerald S. Hawkins, English astronomer (d. 2003)

1931John Eccles, 2nd Viscount Eccles, British businessman and peer

1936Pat Roberts, American politician

1937Antonios Kounadis, Greek discus thrower

1937 – George Takei, American actor

1939Peter S. Beagle, American author

1939 – Gro Harlem Brundtland, former Prime Minister of Norway

1939 – Johnny Tillotson, American singer

1941Ryan O’Neal, American actor

1942Arto Paasilinna, Finnish writer

1943John Eliot Gardiner, English conductor

1943 – Edie Sedgwick, American actress (d. 1971)

1945Michael Brandon, American actor

1945 – Steve Spurrier, American football player and coach

1946Julien Poulin, French Canadian actor

1946 – Gordon Smiley, American racecar driver (d. 1982)

1946 – Mel Winkler, American voice actor

1947Björn Skifs, Swedish singer (Blue Swede)

1947 – Ken Scott, English record producer and recording engineer

1947 – Andrew Tobias, American journalist and author

1947 – David Leland, British actor, director and screenwriter

1948Craig Frost, American musician (Grand Funk & Bob Seger)

1948 – Gregory Itzin, American actor

1948 – Rémy Trudel, French Canadian politician

1949Massimo D’Alema, 76th Prime Minister of Italy

1949 – Veronica Cartwright, American actress

1949 – Toller Cranston, Canadian figure skater and artist

1949 – Jessica Lange, American actress

1950Steve Erickson, American novelist

1950 – Aleksandr Lebed, Russian general and politician (d. 2002)

1950 – Chandra Babu Naidu, Indian politician

1951Luther Vandross, American singer (d. 2005)

1952Božidar Maljković, Serbian basketball coach

1953Sebastian Faulks, British novelist

1954Gilles Lupien, French-Canadian ice hockey player

1955Don Pettit, American Astronaut and Inventor

1956Beatrice Ask, Swedish politician

1957Geraint Wyn Davies, Welsh-born Canadian actor

1958Viacheslav Fetisov, Russian ice hockey player

1959Clint Howard, American actor

1961Don Mattingly, American baseball player

1961 – Konstantin Lavronenko, Russian actor

1961 – Barry Smolin, American radio host, writer, and musician

1961Ralph Cirella, American radio personality

1962Henry Joseph Nasiff Jr. (AKA: Hank the Angry Drunken Dwarf), American radio personality (d. 2001)

1963Maurício Gugelmin, Brazilian racing driver

1963 – Aubrey de Grey, British biomedical gerontologist

1964Crispin Glover, American actor

1964 – Andy Serkis, English actor

1964 – Rosalynn Sumners, American figure skater

1965Kostas Hatzidakis, Greek politician

1965 – Adrian Fernández, Mexican racing driver

1965 – April March, American musician

1966David Chalmers, Australian philosopher

1967Raymond van Barneveld, Dutch darts player

1967 – Mike Portnoy, American drummer (Dream Theater)

1967 – Lara Jill Miller, American actress

1968J. D. Roth, American game show host and television personality

1970Shemar Moore, American actor

1970 – Adriano Moraes, Brazilian rodeo performer

1971Tina Cousins, English singer

1971 – Carla Geurts, Dutch swimmer

1971 – Allan Houston, American basketball player

1972Carmen Electra, American actress

1972 – Le Huynh Đuc, Vietnamese footballer

1972 – Željko Joksimović, Serbian singer, songwriter and producer

1972 – Stephen Marley, Jamaican musician

1973Geoff Lloyd, British radio presenter

1976Shay Given, Irish footballer

1976 – Joey Lawrence, American actor

1976 – Chris Mason, Canadian ice hockey goaltender

1977Johnny “The Bull” Stamboli, professional wrestler

1978Mirei Kuroda, Japanese gravure idol

1979Quinn Weng, Taiwanese singer (Seraphim)

1979Nathan Marquardt, American Mixed Martial Artist

1980Jasmin Wagner, German singer

1980 – Chris Duffy, American baseball player

1981Matus Valent, male fitness model

1983Danny Granger, American basketball player

1983 – Terrence J, American television host

1983 – Joanne King, Irish/English Actress

1983 – Miranda Kerr, Australian supermodel

1984Tyson Griffin, American mixed martial artist

1985Greg Lutzka, American Skateboarder

1986Cameron Duncan, New Zealand director (d. 2003)

1987John Patrick Amedori, American actor

[edit]

Deaths

1176Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, English soldier (b. 1130)

1314Pope Clement V (b. 1264)

1521Zhengde, Emperor of China (b. 1491)

1534Elizabeth Barton, English nun (executed)

1558Johannes Bugenhagen, German reformer (b. 1485)

1643Christoph Demantius, German composer (b. 1567)

1703Lancelot Addison, English royal chaplain (b. 1632)

1765Abigail Williams, American accuser in the Salem witch trials (b. 1674)

1769Pontiac, Chief of the Ottawa

1831John Abernethy, English surgeon (b. 1764)

1873William Tite, English architect (b. 1798)

1874Alexander H. Bailey, American politician (b. 1817)

1887Muhammad Sharif Pasha, Egyptian statesman (b. 1826)

1899Joseph Wolf, German artist (b. 1820)

1912Bram Stoker, Irish author (b. 1847)

1918Karl Ferdinand Braun, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1850)

1929Prince Albert Wilhelm Heinrich of Prussia (b. 1862)

1932Giuseppe Peano, Italian mathematician (b. 1858)

1945Erwin Bumke, German jurist (b. 1874)

1947 – King Christian X of Denmark (b. 1870)

1951Ivanoe Bonomi, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1873)

1964Eddie Dyer, American baseball player (b. 1899)

1977Sepp Herberger, German football coach (b. 1897)

1982Archibald MacLeish, American poet and Librarian of Congress (b. 1892)

1984Hristo Prodanov, Bulgarian mountaineer (b. 1943)

1986Sibte Hassan, Pakistani activist, journalist and writer (b. 1916)

1989Doru Davidovici, Romanian writer and fighter pilot (b. 1945)

1991Steve Marriott, British singer and songwriter (Humble Pie) (b. 1947)

1991 – Don Siegel, American film director (b. 1912)

1993Cantinflas, Mexican comedian and actor (b. 1911)

1994Jean Carmet, French actor (b. 1920)

1996Christopher Robin Milne, son of A.A. Milne (b. 1920)

1999Rick Rude, American professional wrestler (b. 1958)

1999 – Señor Wences, Spanish ventriloquist and comedian (b. 1896)

1999 – Eric David Harris, perpetrator of the Columbine High massacre (b. 1981)

1999 – Dylan Klebold, perpetrator of the Columbine High massacre (b. 1981)

1999 – Cassie Bernall, Columbine High School massacre victim (b. 1981)

1999 – Rachel Joy Scott, Columbine High School massacre victim (b. 1981)

2001Giuseppe Sinopoli, Italian conductor and composer (b. 1946)

2002Alan Dale, American singer (b. 1925)

2003Ruth Hale, American playwright and actress (b. 1908)

2003 – Daijiro Kato, Japanese motorcycle racer (b. 1976)

2003 – Bernard Katz, German-born biophysicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1911)

2005Fumio Niwa, Japanese novelist (b. 1904)

2005 – Zygfryd Blaut, Polish football player (b. 1943)

2006Anna Svidersky (b. 1988)

2007Andrew Hill, American jazz composer and pianist (b. 1931)

2007 – Michael Fu Tieshan, Chinese bishop (b. 1931).

2007 – Fred Fish, a computer programmer on the GNU Debugger and “Fish disks” (b. 1952)

2008VL Mike, American rapper (b. 1976)

2008 – Monica Lovinescu, Romanian essayist, literary critic and journalist (b. 1923)

2009Beata Asimakopoulou, Greek actress (b. 1932)

[edit]

Holidays and observances

4/20, a counterculture holiday, where people gather to celebrate and consume cannabis.

Christian Feast Day

Agnes of Montepulciano

Blessed Oda of Brabant

Theotimus

L. Ron Hubbard Exhibition Day (Church of Scientology)

Ridván begins at sunset (Bahá’í Faith)

One response to “2010 has 110 Days Down, 255 to go: April 20 in History: 1961 Bay of Pigs Invasion of Cuba Failed; Trial-by-Battle upheld in 1818; Robert E. Lee Resigned U.S. Army 1861; Modern Bob Marley-Inspired? Pot Parties in US; Siege of Boston 1775; Columbine Colorado High School Shootings 1989; Jacques Cartier discovered Canada 1534; Adolf Hitler born in 1889; what if?

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