Monthly Archives: August 2012

People Dream of Freedom when they Go to the Movies—and it’s been a big year for Anarchist Fantasies….Katniss & Peeta, Suzy & Sam, and now the Bondurants….

Aside from “Batman: The Dark Knight Rises”, it’s been a great year, so far, for anarchist philosophy in film.  Anarchism is a terribly misunderstood word: in historical and linguistic terms, “anarchy” does not mean or suggest, by any stretch of the imagination, a society without order or laws.  “Anarchy” is in no way whatsoever synonymous with “Chaos”, “Chasm”, or “Void.”

In Ancient Greek, “archon” was a rather generic title for a rule or lord, meaning and semantically similar in meaning to German “Fürst/Führer” or Latin “Princeps/Principio.”  “Archaeology” is the study of “beginnings” as everyone known, beginnings of humans anyhow, not quite as ancient as “Palaeontology” which the study of “Old Life Forms” including the “Dawn Horizon” (Eocene) at the border between geology and biology.   A Prince (princeps) is a Fürst is an Archon, in any event, and to believe in AN-ARCHY is to oppose Princes (Princeps, principes, Fürsts, or Führers), in other words to believe that society can exist without LEADERS who wield any sort of absolute or even decisive power.  That is why our leader under the Constitution was named after the person who simply “presides” over the Congress and government—indeed, the first to bear the Title “President of the United States” before George Washington were ALL merely parliamentary “presiders”… the individuals who maintained the order of debate, recognized speakers, hit the gavel for adjournment and such like distinctly NON-military, NON-coercive functions…. The Vice-President is still the President of the Senate and presides at Joint Sessions of Congress…. but the American President has become a Führer –and shows signs of being the office is showing signs of becoming an hereditary principality—with Roosevelts and Kennedys and Bushes dominating the political landscape for most of a century….

The basic conceptual link between “fürst” “princeps“, “archon“, “archaeology” and “principio” was the equation of “first in time, first in power, first in right” (compare George Washington “First in War, First in Peace, First in the Hearts of his Countrymen).  And there were those who wanted to make Washington a real “prince”, “fürst” or “archon“—among them pseudo-Monarchists such as Alexander Hamilton).   A similar semantic construct is the “council of elders” out of whom the “Princeps” may be selected, otherwise known as “the Senate.”  From Latin “Senectus” = Old Age/Old Man, cf. Cicero’s De Senectute “On Old Age.”

The Hunger Games came out with a bang on March 22, and Katniss Everdeen and Peeta Mellark became my favorite Anarchist leaders of the year (under the Tutelage of Haymitch Abernathy) until they were supplanted (not in my affections, or literary appreciations but in the movie theaters) by Suzy Bishop and Sam Shakusky (under absolutely nobody’s tutelage but the eventual protection of a brilliantly anarchistic but otherwise “sad, dumb policeman” named Captain Sharp played by none less of a long-time portrayer of anarchistic characters than that legendary Teuton from the cold and free side of the Rhine, Bruce Willis).   And this all happened in a very real 1965 spot in New England on the Fictitious Island of “New Penzance” under Wes Anderson’s really fairly brilliant direction and writing (with Roman Coppola).

But just Wednesday a new marvelous and historically founded paean to actual 20th century anarchism, appropriately called “Lawless”, celebrates the Virginia “Hillbilly” Bondurant Family from Franklin County (actually, they lived in the Hills east of the Blue Ridge, southeast of the Shenandoah Valley in Franklin County, so the hills were kind of low….).  Turns out that the book “Wettest County in the World” was written by a certain Matt Bondurant who was the grandson of the chief leader of the family.

Unlike The Hunger Games, it is largely devoid of mythological and epic references or archetypes.  Unlike Moonrise Kingdom it is neither allegorical nor atavistic.  Lawless simply celebrates the last time in the United States when a large portion of the population, the majority in fact, absolutely, positively, unquestionably recognized that “the law was an ass”.   Not only Catholics and heavy drinkers of every religion but ALL sane people opposed Prohibition and only perverted-to-pathological idiots and cynical criminals (both in and out of politics) actually supported it.  The current “War on Drugs” is in no principled way different from Prohibition, but the mechanisms of propaganda are such much more sophisticated these days that few people appreciate it.

But what unifies The Hunger Games, Moonrise Kingdom, and Lawless is this simple truth: JUSTICE IS AT ITS MAXIMUM WHEN ADMINISTERED BY THE PEOPLE FOR THEMSELVES WITHOUT ANY INTERFERENCE FROM THE GOVERNMENT—ANY GOVERNMENT.

Governments exist, in essence, to defend the people against wars, to enforce laws which make some of the people criminals and disenfranchise them to the benefit of those who either profit from or obtain their identity as “fürstin“, “principes“, or archons from the oppression of others.

Prohibition movies are an old trope, and there’s nothing all that extraordinary about Lawless except that it’s apparently, largely, mostly true…  But it DOES so totally fit in with my two leading movies of this year as a celebration of the nobility of the free human spirit to maintain freedom at the cost of blood…. and such values cannot be too often celebrated in these Modern United States of America where everyone seems to be enjoying the ride, enjoying the “protection racket” of the criminal government which has, for the most part, completely enslaved us, and does so no less (but always more) during each successive Republican or Democratic administration….

Do the Conditions of Modern Life REALLY Make “A High Degree of Government Regulation” Necessary? The division of labor (functional relationship) between ADMINISTRATIVE and JUDICIAL functions…Seventy Five Years of the Same….only much worse….

Seventy Five years ago, a law review article was published concerning the state of law in California. 25 Cal. L. Rev. 694 (1937).:
“The conditions of modern life have made necessary a high degree of governmental regulation, an increasingly complex governmental organization, and in connection therewith a determination of innumerable matters constantly arising which vitally affect private rights. Disregarding dicta and judicial intimations to the contrary, it is perhaps a fair summary of the decisions of the California courts to say that the writ of certiorari has been available as a means whereby governmental bodies, authorized to make binding adjudications affecting rights of persons and of property, have been controlled by the courts; relief has been granted where the procedure followed by the administrative body did not conform to statutory or constitutional requirements, or where its decision was based on a misconception of the law or made arbitrarily and without regard to the evidence. Such a division of labor between the courts and administrative agencies is eminently desirable, for the determination of such matters can often be most appropriately and expeditiously made by the governmental agency whose activities lie in the field in which the particular question arises.
“Various decisions of the United States Supreme Court and recent federal legislation indicate that a more extensive review may be necessary and desirable in the review of orders of the State Railroad Commission. Whether this may be accorded under the California Public Utilities Act or the state constitution is a question which is in a state of uncertainty and confusion.
“In a somewhat similar position has been the equally important question of the continued authority of administrative organs of the state government to make binding determinations in connection with the regulation of various activities that affect the safety and property of the individual. Professing an adherence to an extreme and seemingly unnecessary interpretation of the doctrine of the separation of powers, and disregarding or overruling numerous precedents to the contrary, the California supreme court has in several cases in the past year uniformly held that determinations of state administrative boards could not be reviewed by certiorari, for the reason that such boards cannot constitutionally exercise judicial functions. Carried to its logical conclusion this reasoning would seem to imply a denial of the continued right of such boards to make determinations of fact having any binding or conclusive effect on private rights, and it would tend to disrupt much of our administrative machinery and the methods which have been developed to protect the health, safety and property of our citizens.
“In its most recent pronouncement, however, the court has indicated that the fear of an administrative usurpation of judicial power has been effectively dispelled in its own mind by the simple device of a change in terminology. While the new terminology has served to foreclose the availability of certiorari as a means of controlling the action of state administrative agencies, the court has indicated that the same result may be achieved by the use of the writ of mandamus. Whether this will involve an extension of mandamus beyond its traditional and constitutional scope, which may at some future time produce still further vacillation and confusion in the court’s decisions, is a possibility that cannot be estimated at the present time.”
Looking back it seems as though, 75 years ago, legal dialogue was significantly more direct, honest, and to the point than it is today.  Why is that?  Have our senses become hardened to the preservation of private rights and separation of powers?

If Restoring the Gold Standard is a Tease, it is a very smart tease—otherwise the Republicans really should endorse a Constitutional Amendment to emphasize the truth and restore some modicum of reality or “honest” to the government—at least to the point of admitting its lies….

I would actually support a straight constitutional restoration of gold AND silver as the sole media of legal tender in the United States—not just gold and not just silver.  Otherwise the Constitution should be amended in an effort to restore honesty and integrity to the government.  We could, for example, restore ancient Indo-European currency based on cattle (“fee” and “pecuniary” are just two of the words we have inherited from our cattle-exchanging ancestors), mix it with the ancient Aztec-Maya “Cacao” standard that operated for at least two thousand years before the Spanish conquest in Mexico, but the “credit” standard based on an empty Federal Reserve (empty of substance, but papered over full of lies) has got to stop!  It would almost redeem Romney—almost, if he would endorse a restoration of Constitutional Currency—or to amend the Constitution to authorize “fiat currency based on nothing, issued by a private bank in the name of the U.S. Treasury.”

The Original U.S. Constitution of 1787 states, in Article I, Section 10:

No State shall enter into any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation; grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin Money; emit Bills of Credit; make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts; pass any Bill of Attainder, ex post facto Law, or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts, or grant any Title of Nobility.”

Article I, Section 8, Clause 5 stated [Congress shall have Power … ] To coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, and of foreign Coin, …;

Note that there is no such prohibition against Congress, or any delegated power to make anything legal tender. Congress was originally understood to have no power to make anything legal tender outside of federal territories, under Art. I Sec. 8 Cl. 17 and Art. IV Sec. 3 Cl. 2, but in 1868 a Supreme Court packed by Pres. Ulysses S. Grant, in the Legal Tender Cases, allowed Congress to make paper currency issued by the U.S. Treasury, backed by gold, legal tender on state territory, a precedent that remains controversial to this day, when courts allow paper currency not backed by anything to be considered “legal tender”.

Seventh Amendment

The only money amount in the Constitution or its amendments is in the Seventh Amendment regarding civil jury trials:

In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.

In 1789 the “dollar” was a coin, the Spanish (Austrian-Bohemian-Habsburg-Imperial originated) taler, mostly those minted in Mexico City, Havana, Cartagena, or Lima, containing 371.25 grains of pure silver, or 416 grains of silver of standard (coin grade) purity.

A troy ounce, the standard measurement unit for precious metals, is 480 grains, so a “dollar” contains 0.7734 troy ounce of pure silver, and 20 such coins would weigh 17.3333 troy ounces and contain 15.46875 troy ounces of pure silver. One can use one of several historically analyzed currency converters to to find out what the current value of that amount of bulk silver would be in federal reserve notes. For example, on June 15, 2000, $20 dollars in Spanish Silver would have been worth about $87.71 in federal reserve notes, but the price is much higher now.  However, keep in mind that the world trading price for gold or silver is the bulk, wholesale price, for ingots, in minimum quantities of 400 troy ounces, and the trading is generally only a tranfer of title and not a physical delivery of the ingots, for which an additional transport charge may be made. As single coins it would have about twice that bulk value, so the constitutional threshold under the Eighth Amendment would (in 2000 again) have been closer to $176 in federal reserve notes. That would be the minimum “value in controversy” that would preserve the right to trial by jury in a civil case.

Since Congress has the power to set weights and measures, Congress could regulate the exchange rate between gold and silver and “the dollar” if Constitutional currency, or any mix of Constitutional and traditional substantive economic currency in cattle, sheep, cacao, or cowrie shells were ever to be restored.  But this week, the focus on on the sad Republicans.

Republicans tease with gold standard, but idea seen full of bugs

Reuters – 2 hrs 46 mins ago

NEW YORK (Reuters) – U.S. Republicans have all but guaranteed the backing of the “gold vote” this November by raising an idea that even the most bullish mainstream bullion boosters believe is unrealistic – a return to the gold standard.

Gold prices would likely surge to $10,000 an ounce, the greenback’s credibility would vanish and global superpowers would risk a new trade war if Republicans were to restore the link between the U.S. dollar and gold that was severed 40 years ago.

But that isn’t stopping Republicans from considering the idea, who will call for a commission to look at restoring a fixed value for the dollar, according to a draft of the party platform to be adopted at theRepublican National Convention that begins on Monday in Tampa, Florida.

Gold has returned to the political discourse recently with the growing prominence of politicians like Ron Paul, the congressman from Texas who has said that he decided to enter politics on the day thatPresident Richard Nixon shut the “gold window” in 1971, and with the Tea Party, which helped Utah pass a law last year to make gold legal tender.

But their support won’t change the practical hurdles that would face such a wrenching shift in the currency system, one likely to have catastrophic effects on trade and growth.

To back the U.S. monetary based currently at around $2.56 trillion by the 262 million ounces of gold held by the United States government means bullion prices would soar as high as $10,000 an ounce, Capital Economics strategists said.

A sudden appreciation of the dollar’s value would crush the greenback’s credibility as the world’s reserve currency and severely undermine the international trade balance.

“It is hard to conceive of the circumstances under which no one would want to hold any dollars,” they said.

The World Gold Council, a trade group funded by gold mining companies to promote the many uses of bullion, including by investors, deems such a move “unlikely,” citing international disagreement over the converting price and the fact that annual growth in gold stock may not match the monetary base.

Even the Gold Anti-Trust Action Committee (GATA), a group dedicated to exposing what its founders say is a conspiracy by Wall Street banks, the Federal Reserve and others to depress the price of goldand silver, doesn’t see it happening.

At best they’re hoping that the RNC will provoke an audit of U.S. holdings, proving GATA’S claim of a conspiracy.

“It really would be something for the Republican platform to call for a truly independent audit of the Fed and U.S. gold reserves,” said GATA’s chairman, Bill Murphy, a former Boston Patriots wide receiver who worked as a commodity broker on Wall Street before founding GATA in 1998.

CENBANKS STOCK UP

Despite widespread disbelief, a reintroduction of the gold standard has gained more support in recent years amid an intensifying debate over how to tackle U.S. debt levels and spending, and increased global anxiety over the stability of fiat currencies – a government-issued currency whose value is based on the issuer’s guarantee to pay the face amount on demand.

“The idea is that it forces the U.S. to live within its means,” said Mark Luschini, chief investment strategist of broker-dealer Janney Montgomery Scott, which has around $54 billion in assets under management. “Think of it as a person with a debit card rather than a credit card. The debit card holder can only spend to what he or she has in the bank.”

Governments abroad are also renewing their interest in owning gold as part of their reserves due to economic uncertainty. World central banks as a group became net buyers in 2010 after two decades of net sales. Official-sector purchase is on track to rise to a record high this year, WGC said.

The world official sector currently held about 29,500 tonnes, or 17 percent of the world’s above-ground stocks. This compares to 19 percent held by investors and nearly half of the stocks made into gold jewelry.

REAGAN REDUX

The Republican proposal is reminiscent of a Gold Commission created by President Ronald Reagan in 1981, 10 years after President Richard Nixon broke the link between gold and the dollar during the 1971 oil crisis.

Reagan’s commission ultimately supported the status quo, saying “restoring the gold standard does not appear to be a fruitful method for dealing with the continuing problem of inflation.”

In 1973, the U.S. government raised the official dollar price of gold to $42.22 per ounce. A year later, Americans were permitted to own gold other than just jewelry.

The U.S. Congressional Budget Office warned on Wednesday that massive government spending cuts and tax hikes due next year will cause even worse economic damage than previously thought if Washington fails to come up with a solution.

REAL POLITICAL MOTIVE

Instead of planning for a gold standard return, the Republicans are trying to placate supporters at next week’s RNC and to gain more firepower in the party’s promoting responsible U.S. fiscal and monetary policies in the upcoming federal elections in November, analysts said.

Minutes from the Federal Reserve’s latest meeting suggests the U.S. central bank will adopt stimulus fairly soon unless economic conditions improve dramatically. Some expect Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke could use his speech at the central bank’s gathering in Jackson Hole, Wyoming, at the end of this month to send a strong message to markets.

“Examining a return to the gold standard is one avenue to show the public and markets a level of seriousness about the U.S. dollar, monetary policy and the budget deficit,” said Jeffrey Wright, managing director of Global Hunter Securities.

(Editing by Leslie Adler)

I’d say that Harvard is actually the Oldest “Trademark”/Corporate Name in the United States, Yale is 64 years younger…..if “New York Times” and “Scientific American” Qualify—why not the oldest institutions of higher learning on the continent?

America’s Oldest Brands

24/7 Wall StBy Douglas A. McIntyre, Alexander E.M. Hess and Samuel Weigley | 24/7 Wall St – Wed, Aug 22, 2012 2:54 PM EDT

Consumers, it seems, are always after the shiny new product. For some industries, the latest version is always the most popular — the newest smartphone, tablet and sneaker are always the products in highest demand. Not surprisingly, some of the most valuable brands are relatively young. Apple, Google and Nike is each worth tens of billions of dollars and has tens of millions of customers.

Nevertheless, many of the most well-known brands with the most valuable brand equity include some of the country’s oldest companies. American Express, founded in 1850, is one of the hundred most valuable brands in the world, according to a list published by Interbrand, a branding consultancy. Coca Cola, Heinz and Jack Daniels are also on the Interbrand list and are all over a hundred years old.

24/7 Wall St. went in search of America’s oldest brands. To be considered, the brand had to have remained the same — the same name and consistently associated with the same consumer product. While almost all of the brands were not nationally available in the 19th century, the products had to be nationally available today.

[More from 24/7 Wall St.: Ten Brands That Will Disappear In 2013]

Many of the oldest products were not included. Though it has been around for over 200 years, Jim Beam was previously sold as Old Tub and its name did not change to Jim Beam until the 1930s. The company that makes King Arthur flour was founded in 1790, but didn’t adopt the name until the end of the 19th century.

While there are a number of companies that were founded in America over 150 years ago, most remained small regional brands. Yuengling has been brewing since 1829, but continues to be a beer that’s almost exclusively distributed in the Northeast.

Of course, some brands made the cut. Remington does not make the same rifles it did in 1848, but the current models are continuations of the brand’s core product. The New York Times (NYSE:NYT), founded in 1851, has a different typeface and trim size today, but is very similar to the one printed 150 years ago. Even NYT.com has the same front page layout.

What does it take for a brand to survive and thrive for over 150 years, which is as long as Brooks Brothers’ ready-to-wear suit brand has been around? Most brands on our list have done well for many decades because they continue to be well-regarded by consumers. Remington rifles are among the best made in the world. Tiffany silver is still considered the “gold standard” for products in its category. Each of these products may have different competition than a century ago, but continues to be relevant in the current industry.

Will Apple (NASDAQ: AAPL) or McDonald’s (NYSE: MCD) survive into the next century? There is no assurance of that. They could become unexpectedly overwhelmed by competition, or they could radically change their businesses. There is no way to predict product longevity, as least based on the variety of brands on this list and the competition each has had to survive.

These are America’s Oldest Brands.

1. Baker’s Chocolate

> Product: Chocolate
> Product launched: 1780
> Company founded: 1780

Baker’s Chocolate has, as a brand, been produced consistently since 1780, when Dr. John Baker purchased the outstanding shares in his own company from his partner’s widow. One representative of Kraft Foods, present owners of the brand, told 24/7 Wall St. that “not much has changed, except the packaging.” Yet even the packaging has remained remarkably consistent over time. La Belle Chocolaterie, the female figure seen on packages of Baker’s, has been featured on Baker’s Chocolate packages for over 100 years.

2. Crane & Co.

> Product: Stationery
> Product launched: 1801
> Company founded: 1799

Crane Paper has been made since 1799, when Zenas Crane began milling cotton paper. Under Zenas, the company began producing stationery paper in 1801. Among those who used stationary crafted from Crane’s paper were Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt, and the Queen Mother—who announced the celebration of her 100th birthday using Crane’s paper. Crane & Co. has continued to use cotton paper, even as other companies have moved to tree pulp for making paper, a cheaper alternative. The company’s cotton paper is not just used for stationary, but also for currency. Since 1879, the company has provided the U.S. Treasury with currency paper, a business which accounts for a lion’s share of their revenue.

[More from 24/7 Wall St.: America’s Most (and Least) Livable States]

3. Remington

> Product: Rifles and rifle barrels
> Product launched: 1818
> Company founded: 1818

Remington was founded in Ilion Gulch, New York by Eliphalet Remington II. Though it started by making gun barrels, according to the National Firearms Museum, Remington made its first completed firearm in 1848, when it was contracted by the U.S. Navy to manufacture 1,000 Jenks carbine rifles. The company has evolved somewhat since its founding. It incorporated as a stock company called E. Remington & Sons in 1865. In 1888 it was acquired by Marcellus Hartley and partners and renamed Remington Arms Company. From 1933 to 1993 it was partly, and later wholly owned by E.I du Pont de Nemours & Co. Despite all these changes, Remington rifles have been a constant. Of course, the rifles Remington makes have evolved to the present semi-automatic, autoloading models manufactured and sold today.

4. Schaefer Beer

> Product: Beer
> Product launched: 1842
> Company founded: 1842

F. & M. Schaefer Brewing Company, which makes Schaefer Beer, was founded by brothers Frederick and Maximilian Schaefer. Frederick had immigrated to the U.S. from Germany in 1838, and Maximilian followed him in 1839, bringing along a formula for lager. By 1842, the two brothers purchased a small brewery in New York City. Over the 19th and 20th century, the company, and its beers, developed a wider following. An advertising campaign created the famous jingle, Schaefer — “the one beer to have when you are having more than one.” By 1971, more than 5 million barrels of beer had been brewed. In 1981, the F. & M. Schaefer Brewing Company was purchased by the Stroh Brewing Company, which was purchased by the Pabst Brewing Company in 1999. Despite these changes in ownership, Schaefer Beer is still sold today.

5. Poland Spring

> Product: Beverage
> Product launched: 1845
> Company founded: 1845

Though people tend to think bottled water is a relatively new product, Poland Spring proves them wrong. In 1845, the Ricker family began bottling and selling spring water. By 1860, Poland Spring was being sold all over the country. Driving the brand’s early fame was its affiliation with the Poland Springs Resort and its purported health benefits. The brand remains as popular as ever: Poland Spring was named the strongest bottled water brand in 2012 by the Harris Poll EquiTrend study.

6. Scientific American

> Product: Magazine
> Product launched: 1845
> Company founded: 1845

Scientific American, a magazine dedicated to science and technology, was founded in 1845 by Rufus Porter. At the time, it was a weekly broadsheet carrying the subtitle, “The Advocate of Industry and Enterprise, and Journal of Other Improvements.” Porter sold the magazine after 10 months to Orson Desaix Munn and Alfred Ely Beach for $800. The publication also founded the first branch of the U.S. Patent Agency in 1850 to give technical and legal advice to aspiring inventors. More than 140 Nobel laureates have written for Scientific American in its history. Today, the publication is owned by Macmillan Publishers Ltd. Scientific American notes that the monthly print magazine is read by 3.5 million people worldwide, and 3.88 million people a month visit its website, ScientificAmerican.com.

7. Merriam-Webster

> Product: Reference books
> Product launched: 1847
> Company founded: 1831

In 1843, G. & C. Merriam Co. purchased the rights to Noah Webster’s 1841 edition of An American Dictionary of the English Language, Corrected and Enlarged. In 1847, Merriam published its first Merriam-Webster dictionary. Though one of the country’s oldest brands, Merriam-Webster makes significant efforts to keep track of the latest linguistic trends. In Aug. 2012, the company released its list of new words to be added to its Collegiate Dictionary. The list included words such as man cave, underwater (to describe mortgages), aha moment, and gastropub.

[More from 24/7 Wall St.: America’s Worst Companies to Work For]

8. Brooks Brothers

> Product: Menswear
> Product launched: 1849
> Company founded: 1818

Brooks Brothers was founded in 1818 by Henry Sands Brooks, with the first store located in New York City. The company made the first ready-to-wear suits in 1849, and it has sold them ever since. The company notes that those flocking to California in the 1849 Gold Rush could not wait for tailors for custom clothing, relying on Brooks Brothers for their suit needs. Today, the New York-based company has approximately 200 stores in North America and an additional 130 stores in other parts of the globe. The company has greatly expanded its offerings since 1849 too, selling formal and casual wear for men, women and children.

9. Tiffany & Co.

> Product: Silver
> Product launched: 1851
> Company founded: 1837

Tiffany & Co., originally founded as a “stationery and fancy goods emporium,” has been a leader in the industry for over 150 years. The company’s importance can be seen in the impact it has had on the silverware and jewelry business. Tiffany & Co. has used the same 925/1000 standard for silver purity since 1837 — a standard later adopted by the United States government for sterling silver. At the 1867 Paris Exposition Universelle, Tiffany was the first American company to win an award for its silverware. In 1871, the company introduced a flatware pattern, called “Audobon”, which to-date remains the company’s best-selling flatware. Today, Tiffany sells silver bracelets, necklaces, piggy banks, and silverware among other items.

10. The New York Times

> Product: Newspaper
> Product launched: 1851
> Company founded: 1851

The first edition of the New York Times was published on Sept. 18, 1851. The paper began publishing its Sunday issue in April 1861. After the paper’s acquisition by Adolph S. Ochs in 1896, the Times adopted its present motto, “All the News That’s Fit to Print.” In 1912, the paper was the first to report of the Titanic’s sinking. In 1918, the Times was awarded its first Pulitzer Prize, the second year the price was offered. To date, 108 Pulitzer Prizes and citations have been given to the newspaper.

Charles Edward Andrew Lincoln, IV: Happy 20th Birthday—two decades since Hurricane Andrew and “Little Hurricane” arrive at the same time in West Palm Beach

The effective end of my son’s 20th birthday, at 7:31pm, without having heard from him, just brings to mind James Thurber’s epigram: “The world is full of such a number of things, I’m sure we should all be as happy as kings–and you know how happy kings are.”

I suppose there was a time when I believed that I was a wonderful father and that my relationship with my son was the greatest success story of my life… but like so many optimistic thoughts I’ve had in life, it hasn’t worked out that way, much to my sorrow.  

I suppose one reason I am so obsessed with the movie Moonrise Kingdom (I have totally lost track of how many times I’ve seen it, possibly a dozen), is that it’s mythological “Age of Innocence” reminds me so much of the world of my own childhood, and how I wish I could have given my son a world as pure and innocent as that world back in an America where it was normal, rather than abnormal/bordering on pathological, to be white and Christian and basically unaware of anything else…. as it seems in Wes Anderson’s movie to have been in 1965, and as it was in my early experience not long after that….

In essence, I married very poorly: a woman who desperately wanted to conform to all the worst norms of modern society while pretending to support all the most traditional values in order to get what she wanted.  All of this was perfectly acceptable behavior by modern standards—but I am sorry that I couldn’t give my son a far better life and childhood than I had, which was always my dream for him.  In the words of the guardian of Petra—Cave of the Holy Grail, in “Indian Jones and the Last Crusade”—“I chose poorly” at least when it came to making a home and a good life for my boy.  

I also allowed my marriage to be drawn into the horrible quagmire of the Texas Family Court system—there’s no good solution for Texas Family Court Judges and lawyers except, without exception, to hang them all—in true Shakespearean fashion and with full sixteenth Elizabethan gore—possibly hang the Family Judges AFTER boiling them in oil—something like that…. forget the Eighth Amendment for the lot of them….  

I think that the summary execution courts the “revolution” set up in New York City during “Batman: Dark Knight Rises”—are a good model for disposing of the Family Courts…. and yet there are even deeper problems leading to my 18 month estrangement from my son now….

My son and I were extremely close from one hour after his birth, but especially during about the time he was 1 and first started walking and saying “Da-Da-Da Daddy” in our apartment at 225 Atlantic in Palm Beach 33480, precisely on his first birthday through his 10th birthday…and most of his tenth year until Memorial Day Weekend 2001.

The best of the early years were probably 1996-1999 when we traveled constantly together, several times to the Texas State Fair in Dallas (and to visit his grandma Alice and great-grandma Helen in Highland Park), innumerable times to the beach in Galveston, where we spent most of the summer of 1997.  We had one marvelous trip to Disneyland when he was five (January 1998)—it was a perfect age—he asked if the Mickey Mouse figure walking around was real—.

In the summer of 1998 we had a long trip through the Southwest, leaving through Palo Duro Canyon near Lubbock and going on to Pecos, Santa Fe, Taos, Chaco Canyon, the San Juan River Valley, the Hopi Plateau, Mesa Verde, and the Grand Canyon, returning through Amarillo and trying our luck at the gigantic 72 oz “free” steak at the Texas Steak House….

The same summer we followed up by a trip to Chicago—I’ll never forget our gigantic room at the Chicago Hilton overlooking Grant Park and Michigan Avenue, or receiving the news of the 1998 attacks on the American Embassies in Nairobi and Dar es Salaam while we were there.  1999 was our summer first season in Yucatan, Mexico since Spring 1995—we stayed at the dearly beloved “Capitán Lafitte” by the Caribbean…..  

After May 2003, “domestic troubles between his mother and me” separated us for two solid years until June 2005 (after which two year time he had grown so much I didn’t recognize him when he stopped me on the street)  and then again our interaction was “spotty” at best until 2008-2009, when we spent two successive summers in Cambridge while he went to the Harvard Summer School.   In 2007-2010 I was living mostly either in Galveston or New Orleans and Charlie was a great fan of both the Audubon Zoo and the Aquarium of the Americas there….

In the Summer of 2010 we spent a lot of time after his high school graduation in Texas and then took a trip to California right before he started Saint John’s College in Annapolis, Maryland, and boy I was proud to see him there.  After that, we went to New Orleans and spent Christmas there, with his mother Elena and grandmother Nina, oddly enough…. for the first time in so many years… It seemed as though our Broken Family was on the mend…..for about six weeks anyhow….maybe less….

Around February 2011 some strange things started happening and I haven’t seen him since then.  In essence, I suspect it was his mother playing games again to turn him against me.  I had hope that once he was an adult (2010) he’d grow away from her sphere of absolute control, but life is not a fairy tale I guess and not everything ends “happily ever after.”  Charlie’s mother (Elena) and maternal grandmother (Nina) reduced Charlie’s uncle George (Kourembanas) to the status of an extremely strong but confused child for all of his adult life, and ultimately George died a premature death in January 2010 at the not so ripe or old age of 51.  I had always feared that similar things might happen to Charlie, but I hoped he had escaped….until now.  

Nevertheless, my son is and always will be the apple of my eye, my primary hope for immortality, and I think of him constantly, so even during these odd periods of engineered estrangement I am thinking of him constantly.  

Modern marriage is basically a travesty.  Women are taught to demand everything and give nothing to their husbands by feminism, socialism, social-workers, psychologists, and other single mothers who eschew marriage all together and regard men merely as “sperm donors” who, for some reason, may become immediately indebted for all they are worth to the sperm donees.

The notion of “til death do you part” is almost a joke, although my wife, Charlie’s mother and I, had given each other blood oaths never to divorce and leave Charlie alone…. We had massive troubles in 1995-1999 but seemed by the end of 1999 to have come through them, only to see everything rise up again in the summer of 2002, uglier and more vicious than ever.  

We are all products of our time and culture.  The government fears strong families and strong individuals because strong families and strong individuals do not need to be dependent on the government, but the government wants EVERYONE to be dependent and subservient.  

I strongly advocate the abolition of the Family Courts and “Domestic Relations and Child Support” social service structures in the United States—not their reformation but their absolute abolition.  

The strength of an institution ( such as marriage ) is tested out and defined by it’s reaction under stress.  In the old days couples in marital trouble went to their families and their priests for resolution.  Marital contracts were treated as private matters.  These days 501(c)(3) priests and pastors are afraid of stepping on the toes of social services and the courts, and if family members get involved they are likely to be arrested and/or accused of “abuse”…. or worse… 
The intervention of the State and Social welfare services is a large part of what has made marriage a travesty, starting with the licensing procedure.  But basically I conclude that the state controlled marriage contract as enforced today is basically a sex for sale and breeding contract.  Prenuptial private marital contracts are frowned upon and the state imposes (through the family and domestic relations codes) is a “one size fits all contract of adhesion” regarding which parties cannot even contract around.  And it is not just my experience — it is the experience of hundreds, maybe thousands of men and women I have talked to.

One of my best friends on the Planet, Dr. Kathy Ann Garcia-Lawson of Palm Beach Gardens, is a psychologist, but frankly, I see no value in the professions of psychology or psychiatry—at least not of the Freudian variety.  Jungian “racial archetypes” and the racial subconscious may hold some validity but Freudian analysis, for all its mass appeal, seems basically to be “analysis in the service of the socialist state”—my grandmother Helen Meyer described psychiatrists and psychologists as “a bunch of filthy minded perverts who worked to pervert everyone else”—and my experience has done little to dissuade me from her way of thinking.  

My dear friend Kathy is such a radical exception to the Freudian norm—she is a Christian and an ethical believer in the family—I’m not sure how she survives in the profession of psychology….but she does, quite distinguished in fact….

And in the years 2008-2010 Charlie and I even visited Kathy several times at her beautiful home in Palm Beach Gardens—and it’s beyond my ability to believe that I have not seen my son for a solid year and a half now—although never a day goes by that I’m not thinking of him and hardly a week goes by that I don’t try to reach him by multiple e-mails or phone calls.  

Since Charlie seems to want his privacy on his 20th birthday I guess I’ll let him have it…. but that can’t stop me from missing him and thinking about him and wishing he were here in California so we could either go out to the Islands or up to the Mountains to Yosemite or Sequoia or down to Baja, or further…..

Family estrangement is a terrible thing, but it seems almost “normal” in the modern world…. and for that alone, the Brave New World is indeed an accursed place….

Simba and Mufasa Reunited: Just in Time for my Son’s 20th Birthday—“Le Roi Lion est Mort…. Vive Le Roi Lion!” (“The Lion King is Dead… Long Live the Lion King”)

Lion Cub’s First Meeting With Dad Captured on Camera

By Katie Kindelan | ABC News Blogs – 14 hours ago

(Courtesy: Suzi Eszterhas)Lions are known as some of the most ferocious animals on the planet, so a tender moment between a father and his cub captured on camera in the wilds of Africa is generating a lot of buzz.

“The lion photos have hit it quite big because it’s the cub meeting his dad for the first time ever,” said the wildlife photographer who captured the meeting, Suzi Eszterhas. “It’s a major part of a lion’s life growing up.”

This particular cub met his dad for the first time after seven weeks with his mom.

“When lion cubs are babies, the mom keeps them in a den for the first six to eight weeks of life, and it’s during this time that she keeps them very hidden,” Eszterhas told Goodmorningamerica.com. “After, she will bring them out and introduce them to the pride. It’s at that point they meet dad for the first time.”

(Courtesy: Suzi Eszterhas)Eszterhas was able to capture such a rare moment by embedding herself with the pride of lions on the Masai Mara National Reservein Kenya for three months while she was living in Africa for three years. This particular series of photos was captured in 2008 or 2009, she said.

“That was literally the moment the cub first saw his dad ever,” Eszterhas said. “He kind of walked up shyly and then the dad immediately tried to play with him and the mom is watching the whole time to make sure the dad behaves. The whole moment is really special.”

The California-based photographer spends nine months of the year in the field, documenting wildlife around the world.

“I spent a lot of hours just sitting with these animals watching them from sunrise to sunset,” said Eszterhas, who traveled alone around the reserve in a Jeep taking photos. “Very quickly you just become a part of the landscape and they don’t notice you at all. You’re always safe but you’re quite close to them and they get quite used to you.”

The lion photographs have been published in “Lion,” the latest edition of her six-title series of children’s books, titled ” Eye on the Wild,” which documents an animal’s life from infancy to adulthood in photographs.

TIME TO STAND UP FOR THE RIGHTS OF OUR SOUTH AFRICAN COUSINS—THE “PEOPLE OF THE COVENANT” WHO MADE SOUTH AFRICA THE WEALTHIEST AND BRIGHTEST SPOT ON THE POOREST AND DARKEST CONTINENT—is it a crime to be White?

I do not literally have any close cousins or other relatives in South Africa—although through my late Aunt Mildred who was lifelong friends with Ian Smith of Rhodesia and some of the other most prominent families down there I almost feel that I do—but the Boers of South Africa are “People of the Covenant”  (cf James A. Michener’s 1980 Novel of the same name) and their history is closely parallel to that of America’s Founders.   It is time that we throw off the tyranny of Media-Sponsorship and learn to think for ourselves—  Facts are facts: if Zimbabwe were still Rhodesia, the black population would be much better off than it is now, and if the Republic of South Africa were still white-ruled, it would be much more peaceful, prosperous, and productive to all the world.  The liberal-communist inspired decolonization of Africa has been a total disaster for Africa and the world.  “Cry the Beloved Country.”

WND EXCLUSIVE

GENOCIDE LOOMS FOR WHITE FARMERS

South Africa’s black president sings killing songs as thousands massacred

Published: 2 days ago

boer_genocide

By Alex Newman

STOCKHOLM, Sweden – The eyes of the world were on South Africa two decades ago as the apartheid era came to an end and Western governments helped bring the communist-backed African National Congress to power.

Last month, however, when Genocide Watch chief Gregory Stanton declared that white South African farmers were facing a genocidal onslaught and that communist forces were taking over the nation, virtually nobody noticed.

Few outside of South Africa paid attention either when, earlier this year, the president of South Africa began publicly singing songs advocating the murder of whites.

The silence is so deafening that Secretary of State Hillary Clinton didn’t even publicly mention the problems when she was there last week. Instead, she was busy dancing, pledging billions of dollars and praising the ruling government.

“I find that quite disturbing, as if Afrikaner lives do not count for the Obama administration,” Dan Roodt of the Pro-Afrikaans Action Group, PRAAG, told WND.

He says the situation is rapidly deteriorating.

The tyranny of political correctness is out of control. Read Ilana Mercer’s “Into The Cannibal’s Pot: Lessons for America from Post-Apartheid South Africa.”

Genocide Watch, a highly respected U.S.-based nonprofit organization led by arguably the world’s foremost expert on genocide, has been sounding the alarm on the genocidal onslaught facing South Africa for a decade. The world media, however, has barely uttered a word about it.

Over those 10 years, thousands of white South African farmers, known as Boers, have been massacred in the most horrific ways imaginable.

Experts say the ongoing slaughter constitutes a clear effort to exterminate the whites or at least drive the remaining ones – now less than 10 percent of the population – out of the country. In other words, South Africa is facing a genocide based on the United Nations’ own definition.

More than 3,000 farm murders have been documented in that time period, representing a significant number considering the number of commercial white farmers is now estimated at less than 40,000.

Tens of thousands of whites have been murdered throughout South Africa, too, according to estimates.

Disemboweled, drowned in boiling water

Many more victims have been savagely tortured, raped, disemboweled, drowned in boiling water or worse. The horrifying evidence is available for the world to see on countless sites throughout the Internet: pictures of brutalized dead women and children – even babies.

“We don’t know exactly who is planning them yet, but what we are calling for is an international investigation that will try and determine who is planning these murders,” Stanton said.

The ANC government downplays the problem, claiming it is mostly just “regular” crime. Experts, however, know that is not true.

“Things of this sort are what I have seen before in other genocides,” Stanton, who also worked against apartheid, said of the murdered white farmers after a fact-finding mission to the “Rainbow Nation” in June.

“This is what has happened in Burundi, it’s what happened in Rwanda,” he continued in a speech to the Transvaal Agricultural Union in Pretoria. “It has happened in many other places in the world.”

The true scope of the problem is almost impossible to determine, because the ruling ANC refuses to properly track the figures.

Regular citizens are now working to compile the statistics and document the savagery themselves.

The government often classifies the brutal farm murders as simple “robberies,” for example. Sometimes the crimes are not even reported.

South African exiles and family members of victims who spoke with WND said reporting the atrocities is often useless or even counter-productive.

In some cases, experts also say, authorities are actually involved in the brutal crimes. Police oftentimes participate in cover-ups, too.

The non-stop wave of grisly, racist murders in the Rainbow Nation – new incidents are reported almost daily now – has led Genocide Watch to conclude that South Africa is close to the final phases of the genocidal onslaught.

When ANC Youth League boss Julius Malema began singing “Kill the Boer,” Genocide Watch moved up South Africa to stage six out of eight on the road to genocide – the preparation and planning. The seventh phase is extermination of the target group. The final stage is denial.

“It became clear to us that the [(ANC) Youth League was this kind of organization – it was planning this kind of genocidal massacre and also the forced displacement of whites from South Africa,” Stanton explained.

When a court declared the racist song “hate speech” for inciting genocide against whites, the self-styled communist president of South Africa, Jacob Zuma, began singing it too.

Dehumanization

It is all part of a vicious campaign of dehumanization aimed at whites, according to experts. Demonizing the victims always precedes genocide.

Known as Boers or Afrikaners, the descendants of Northern Europeans, mostly Dutch, arrived in Southern Africa hundreds of years ago, in some cases as far back as the 1600s. Still, racists refer to them as “settlers,” implying they do not belong there.

“Whenever you have that kind of dehumanization,” Stanton explained, “you have the beginning of that downward spiral into genocide.”

The National Socialists (Nazis) did it in Germany, and the Islamists did it in Turkey before exterminating Armenian Christians, he added.

The government, meanwhile, has already launched a campaign to disarm Afrikaner farmers. As Genocide Watch observed in a recent report on South Africa, disarmament of the target group is one of the surest warning signs of impending genocide.

Whites have not been the only victims. Even before apartheid was dismantled, the ANC was notoriously brutal to its opponents, using some of the most barbaric tactics imaginable even against blacks who refused to bow down.

Necklacing, in which a tire filled with gasoline is placed around a victim’s neck and set on fire, for example, became a common form of punishment for dissenters and ANC opponents. Even Nelson Mandela’s wife endorsed the monstrous practice.

Beyond genocide against whites lurks another largely overlooked but related phenomenon: the efforts by communist forces to completely take over South Africa.

It is hardly a secret. The Communist Party of South Africa has always has been a firm ally of the ANC. Both of the last two presidents have been members of the Communist Party.

As in Zimbabwe after Marxist dictator Robert Mugabe seized power, the issue of land distribution is being used to advance the same dangerous agenda in South Africa.

“Whatever system of land tenure is adopted in South Africa, the communists – in the long run – have in mind to take away all private property. That should never be forgotten,” Stanton warned during his recent trip.

The idea, he said, is to crush all potential resistance.

“Every place you go where communists have taken over, they take away private ownership because private ownership gives people the power – the economic power – to oppose their government,” Stanton continued. “Once you have taken that away, there is no basis on which you can have the economic power to oppose the government.”

While the outside world largely refuses to understand or even acknowledge what is really going on, white South Africans are keenly aware of what awaits the nation if the communist schemes are not stopped.

“The ANC regime has publicly stated that it wants to nationalize all land, in effect doing away with private property when it comes to agricultural land,” explained PRAAG’s Roodt.

“The Communist Party has always been the real intellectual home of the ANC, and even government ministers call each other ‘comrade’ in public,” he added.

Land redistribution

Since the end of Apartheid, the ANC government has been working to redistribute land – much of which is still currently owned by the white minority – to blacks and others.

As in neighboring Zimbabwe, once one of the wealthiest nations in Africa, the schemes have mostly resulted in failure. Under Mugabe, who gave the stolen land to his cronies, estimates suggest millions of people have died from starvation. Others fled, ironically, perhaps, to South Africa.

Now, the ANC wants to speed up the land reform process. Some elements within the government are even advocating forced expropriation without any compensation.

The farm murders, analysts say, are the early phases of what may be coming.

“More and more, the ANC regime’s supporters are turning to violence and revolution to achieve their aims of taking control over land and industry,” Roodt explained.

“Over the last few days there has been an increase in attacks on family owned farms with the intent of driving owners off their land,” he continued, echoing a widespread sentiment among South Africans that the situation is quickly spiraling out of control.

“Hit squads target specifically women and elderly farmers as they are seen as soft targets,” he added. The government also disbanded farmer self-defense groups known as “commandos” that formerly protected rural areas.

According to Roodt, South Africa, like every country during a communist takeover, is being deliberately destabilized. Ethnic and racial tensions are being purposefully stirred up as part of the scheme as well, he said.

“The ANC regime has failed completely to create jobs for its mass of supporters,” Roodt told WND. “So it is using the white minority as a scapegoat, blaming them for its own economic failures due to corruption, mismanagement, nationalization, racial preferences and so on.”

Roodt says the “revolution” could drag on, slowly, with a lot of talk but little action. On the other hand, there could be a sudden, radical shift such as what happened in Zimbabwe, where white farmers who refused to be driven off their land were tortured or murdered.

There could even be a Rwanda-type situation in which whites would be targeted for wholesale slaughter, Roodt warned.

Sadists encouraging sadists

“Anything is possible,” he added, saying the ruling government was very similar to an organized criminal enterprise. “What is going on in South Africa today with the rape and killing of children, torture or farmers and racial violence, is tantamount to a sadistic society. We are ruled by sadists who encourage other sadists to go out to rape and kill.”

No matter how bad it gets, however, Roodt and other South Africans fear that the world will shut its eyes and wash its hands.

“To many people in the West, especially liberals and leftists, I think it is seen as normal for blacks to hate whites and oppress them,” he explained. “Because of their historical guilt associated with colonialism, whites are deemed to deserve punishment, even of the most extreme kind such as torture and mass murder.”

Even in South Africa, the press is largely silent about what is going on. Consider that after Stanton announced his preliminary findings in late June – explosive by any measure – just one newspaper covered it.

Many white South Africans believe that time may be running out. Some want their own country in Southern Africa to preserve the unique Afrikaner culture, language and civilization. Others are currently working with Western governments in an effort to raise awareness and hopefully allow especially vulnerable populations to escape as refugees before the festering tensions explode into a full-blown catastrophe. More than a few, though, have vowed to stay and fight back if and when the time comes.

For now, activists, exiles and human rights leaders told WND they hope Americans will help spread the word about the looming potential calamities facing South Africa. If the ANC gets its way, they say, it will be an unmitigated disaster for whites, blacks – basically everyone except politically connected cronies.