Author Archives: Charles Edward Lincoln III

False Flag Background to 2015-2017 for Critics of Confederate Secession and “Treason”

During the summer of 2015, I attended a series of public and private meetings in New Orleans regarding Mayor Mitch Landrieu’s call to take down four late-19th and early 20th century monuments to three leaders of the South and one 

The False Background to the “Take ‘Em All Down” Hysteria…

On June 17, 2015, in Charleston, South Carolina, a pathetic young man/boy with the highly improbable name of Dylan Storm Roof (DSR), either out of cowardice or as a “Manchurian Shooter” for the desperately race-baiting Obama Administration, shot 9 harmless and innocent, elderly attendees at an African Methodist Episcopal prayer meeting.  DSR did this on the anniversary of the suppression of Denmark Vesey’s planned slave revolt in the same city one hundred ninety three years earlier in 1822.  

Unlike 9-11-01 in New York or 7-7-05 in London, unlike the Kennedy Assassination, unlike Sandy Hook in Connecticut and the Batman shooting in Colorado, even unlike Oklahoma City 1995, very few people have been willing to speak out openly about the Charleston Shooting as a “False Flag” or “Governmentally Staged” attack.

Instead, conservatives and liberals used Charleston as a platform for massive anti-Confederate historical revisionism and monument destruction in the American South with a rapidity of reaction that boggles the mind.  No sooner was Dylan Storm Roof arrested than a stupidly-posed looking Facebook shot of him holding a Confederate Battle Flag and wearing a jacket with badges bearing the old Rhodesian anti-Communist UDI flag and the apartheid era flag of the Republic of South Africa were published all over the country to support cries of “Take ’em Down”—referring to Confederate Monuments.

Comparing Catalonia and the Confederacy—States and Nations (with notes on the Monstrosity of Moderation in Media)

SPAIN TRIED AND FAILED TO SUPPRESS A VOTE FOR SECESSION IN ITS WEALTHY NORTHEASTERN CORNER OF CATALONIA TODAY (Sunday October 1, 2017).  According to the latest tally I have seen on the BBC, 2,020,144 Catalan voters cast their ballots in favor of an Independent Republic, centered on the Mediterranean seaport of Barcelona.  These two million plus voters constituted 90.09% of the 42-43% of the eligible electorate who voted, but Spain itself had urged pro-Spanish “no” voters to stay away from the Polls, and the massive police intervention and use of force must have discouraged some….

Although during the past 42 years that “Francisco Franco is still dead,” Spain has acknowledged the right of the several nationalities (Basque, Galician, Catalan) to assert regional autonomy, Spain has declared this vote illegal and non-binding. The Central Government of Spain in Madrid has been arguing ever since the election of the pro-Independence party in September of 2015,  that Catalonia’s vote was going to be “illegal” and they threatened to, and actually did, try to suppress the vote by Police Action.  

Most of the world (which has spoken) has either come out expressly in favor or seems tacitly on the side of Catalans who want independence.  Only Madrid and the Spanish government seem strongly against it—fearful, undoubtedly, of losing prime Mediterranean beach resorts, Barcelona (the second largest city in Spain, seventh largest and “most successful” in all Europe), plus the Balearic Islands (Majorca, Menorca, Ibiza and Formentera).  In essence, Catalonia includes some of the best real estate IN ALL OF EUROPE AND THE CIRCUM MEDITERRANEAN WORLD.  This is indeed “the Spanish Riviera”.

The comparison to the Secession of the Confederate States of America is obvious, but it isn’t getting much currency in the U.S. or British Media, despite the fact that the Confederate States have made a renewed appearance in the news since April, here in New Orleans and around the USA…. and even in the consciousness of the whole world.

So, since nobody else is making the comparison (that I’ve seen so far, anyhow, I will).   In 1860, the Southern states formed (per capita) the richest part of the United States.   Catalonia had better hope that world opinion remains on its side!    Because Spain has its eyes and tax collectors all focused on this rich province, and history tells us that the rich can be laid low when they try to retain their wealth….

For the record, Catalonia was originally, and has always considered itself, a separate “Nationality” (i.e. ethnolinguistic group). During the Middle Ages, the County of Barcelona became the Capital of the “Principality of Catalonia” which later became incorporated into the Kingdom of Aragon.  Aragon, in turn, was one of the most powerful and richest states in the post-Reconquista/Crusader world of the Mediterranean.  Then Aragon, later, under the 15th century reigns of King Ferdinand of Aragon and Queen Isabella of Castile, merged to form the modern Nation-State of “Spain”, leading to 500 years of almost continuous unity, although Aragon and Catalonia have several times reasserted their identities as monarchies or republics.

As James Ronald & Walter Donald Kennedy have shown in their most recent book “Punished with Poverty: the Suffering South, Prosperity to Poverty and the Continuing Struggle”  Columbia, South Carolina: Shotwell Publishing (2016), and as my dearly beloved grandmother always told me, THE SOUTH WAS THE WEALTHIEST PART OF THE UNITED STATES, “before the War” and the poorest part afterwards.   The combined cash value of the crops in any of the three pairs of Virginia and Georgia or Mississippi and Louisiana or North & South Carolina (each pair taken alone) exceeded the cash value of all the manufactured goods produced north of the Mason & Dixon-Ohio River—as of 1860.  But as of 1870, war had irreversibly altered the situation.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Shsf–rh4PE

While neither historians or any Southerners today doubt that the people of the South overwhelmingly favored secession in 1861, the state legislatures only voted to hold popular votes as referenda/plebiscites/”propositions” in three of the thirteen states and one territory seceding (there were fifteen “slave” states, but a secession vote in the legislature in Maryland was suppressed at gunpoint and the state of Delaware never tried—West Virginia seceded from Virginia but kept its slaves and (ironically) after the war was among the most hostile toward enfranchisement of the newly freed slaves, as evidenced in several of the early major civil rights cases which emerged from that idiosyncratic Appalachian state opposite Ohio that seceded to nullify secession—oh, and Arizona was a territory constituting the southern half of what is now Arizona and New Mexico, but had then all been “New Mexico” until 1861).

In the states that held popular vote referenda, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia, the votes in favor of secession were nowhere nearly as lopsided as the vote held in Catalonia today (Sunday, October 1, 2017), but it should be noted that NO NORTHERN STATE, nor the United States Federal Government, under President James Buchanan, ever questioned or attempted to quash secession in any state.  From South Carolina’s legislature’s first Ordinance of Secession on December 20, 1860, through Louisiana’s secession as the sixth state on January 26, 1861, the popular support for separation from the Union never appeared to waver or be doubtful.

SOUTHERN SECESSION PLEBESCITES

In February of 1861, Texas’ legislature voted to dissolve the state’s barely 16 year old affiliation with the Union on February 1, and a popular referendum was held on February 23, wherein the vote was 3.13:1 in favor of disunion.  

Virginia went through a similar two stage process in April and May of 1861, and the vote there (after Fort Sumter) was 3.53:1 in favor of taking the Old Dominion state into the Confederacy.  Robert E. Lee had opposed secession, but IN THOSE DAYS ONE’S CITIZENSHIP BELONGED TO THE STATE, NOT THE FEDERATION.  It would be comparable to calling us all “Citizens of the United Nations”—maybe some people WANT Global Citizenship, but so far, THANK GOD, no politically viable majority anywhere have ever voted for such a thing.

Finally, in May-June, Tennessee voted to secede, although the popular vote in that state was only 2.21:1 (for reference and comparison, NO PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES HAS EVER WON ANY ELECTION BY A 2.21-1 POPULAR VOTE (although Lyndon B. Johnson came closest in 1964 against Goldwater at 1.58 to 1 comparable to FDR in 1936 against Alf Landon at 1.61 to 1—there being more third party votes in 1936 which reduced Roosevelt’s over all majority win very slightly).

IS FREEDOM TO CHOOSE REALLY TREASON?

How many of you have been divorced?  No, it’s a serious question.  How many of you have been divorced AFTER taking a vow “Til Death do Us Part”?  I was born an “Anglo-Catholic” (i.e. Episcopalian) and my wife was born Greek Orthodox in Greece.  My parents, despite their vows, split up when I was pre-school/kindergarten and it had a major impact on my life, mostly negative.  I especially regret now, looking back on it, how my grandmother taught me to scorn my own father.  That MIGHT have been a bad thing…  Anyhow, my point was this: my wife Elena and I swore personally to each other, quite aside from the marital vows, that we would never be divorced, that we would always stick together.  And we made collateral agreements that made I think this was actually a genuine promise that we would really keep, but we didn’t.  She hired the nastiest team of divorce lawyers (and their wives) in the entire state of Texas.  She turned into a monster.  Now, I blame the system, not her, but we split up, and it wrecked me.

But, in a sense, as one of my law school professors of international law at the University of Chicago said, “the nations of the world are all in a Roman Catholic marriage with one another.”  Or are they?  Are legal unions really indissoluble?  Most people do not believe that law should stand in the way of divorce, although most marital lawyers want divorce to be as much like an expensive world war as humanly possible.  So: is divorce “normal” or is divorce “treason?”

I have to admit, I led a fairly pro-Southern, sheltered life.  Even when I lived up north and attended Harvard GSAS (A.M., Ph.D.) and the University of Chicago law (J.D.) programs, I never ever heard ANYONE ever call the Southern Confederacy TREACHEROUS or the Southern Confederates called “Traitors”—as a matter of fact, everyone I knew at Harvard kind of went out of their way to apologize for Harvard’s apparent iconography of Yankee imperialism and to point out the rather obscure stained glass windows on Memorial Hall and inscriptions dedicated to the graduates of Harvard who fought for the South—(There were 257, significantly more than you might think, including five major generals, eight brigadier generals, and fully 38% of all Harvard Graduates who died in combat 1861-1865 died in the service of the armies the CSA, including three of those brigadier generals).  

So, I confess I was shocked, bowled over in fact, while I was standing in line at the very first public debate held in New Orleans on a steaming day in July in 2015 and an exceedingly unpleasant and unattractive woman in line started talking about how Confederates were all TRAITORS.

Wall Street JOURNAL MODERATE MUGWUMP: Allen C. Guelzo

“A YANKEE VISITS CHARLOTTESVILLE, WHERE GEN. LEE IS UNDER COVER.”

Some writers take poetic license, some take journalistic license.  But let’s face it: some writers DO NOT DESERVE A LICENSE.  Allen C. Guelzo is such a writer, and yet he writes for the Wall Street Journal…. and this is a disaster.  This USED TO BE a conservative, respectable journal***.   But no decent or respectable conservative would ever write that:

“As a Yankee, I find it a little difficult to grasp why monuments to Lee are here in the first place.  He lost, and if there is one sin American culture still prefers to bury from sight, it’s losing. Worse, Lee committed treason against the flag and the Constitution.  And behind that is the ugly truth that the Confederate cause was, when all the rhetorical chaff is swept away, designed to protect Chattel slavery, the singular birth defect of the American republic.” 

This is one of those sad moments when I have to admit I’m glad I’m not Chairman Mao or Uncle Joe Stalin…. because if I were, Guelzo would be TOAST—there wouldn’t be enough left of him to fill a matchbox, I promise.

UNLIKE THE SPANISH GOVERNMENT IN CATALONIA ON SUNDAY OCTOBER 1, 2017—NO POLICE OR TROOPS TRIED TO STOP THE SOUTHERN LEGISLATURES FROM SECEDING OR THE PRO-CONFEDERATE POPULAR VOTES FROM HAPPENING

So, if secession didn’t bother the outgoing President James Buchanan, or if it bothered him he didn’t do anything to stop it.  Buchanan was a Democrat, but he was a PENNSYLVANIA DEMOCRAT—a Yankee….the only Pennsylvanian ever to be elected President and the last President born in the 18th century.  

Buchanan supported his own Vice-President, John C. Breckinridge, in the election of 1860—Breckinridge being the choice of the “Southern Democrats” over Stephen Douglas of Illinois.  Breckinridge became a Confederate general—that’s right folks, the Vice-President of the United States who came in Second in the Electoral Vote and Third in the Popular Vote in 1860 became a Confederate General.  Was he a traitor too?  

I ask you (and Guelzo) somewhat rhetorically: IF the Vice-President of any country decides to take up arms agains that Country—don’t you suppose that there are some MAJOR issues at stake?  If James Buchanan believed that he had no constitutional power to stop secession, where did Abraham Lincoln get the idea that he had that power?

For the moment, I will leave that idea to you, but recommend to all my readers the words of James Ronald Kennedy and Walter Donald Kennedy, but also of Von Mises Institute Economist Thomas James DiLorenzo.

But is it significant that England would surely have allowed Scotland to opt out of the UK if Scotland had voted to do so several years ago?  Is it significant that Spain is trying very hard to look like a bully as it tries to bully Catalonia into submission, but that the world will almost certainly accept Catalonian secession in fairly short order?

***The Wall Street Journal was a feature of life in and around my maternal grandparents’ home in Highland Park in Dallas from the time I went to live there at age 6 years, two months, until my grandmother’s death in May 2001.  I respected it as perhaps the best newspaper in all of North America—I even arranged to have the WSJ delivered to Hacienda Chichén (and later the adjacent Casa Victoria) when I lived there, and made it the headquarters of my Harvard-Peabody-National Geographic-Chichén Itzá Archaeological Project 1983-1988.  Arranging such things by courier delivery from the Aeropuerto Internacional de Cancún in the 1980s was no piece of cake.

 

My son and his friend

I introduced them both to the Firefly universe by Joss Whedon in the winter of 2005 when theaters released the movie Serenity–the spin off of the Firefly series.

 

Dylan Lohrstorfer is an expert musician both in practice and theory. He has been practicing and studying music theory since his nascent days. Dylan has composed many pieces for the past ten years since his teenage days. He also performs regularly in the Austin, Texas area. My son, Charlie, is an amateur musician who enjoys dabbling in music and composing small pieces here and there.

 

They definitely need some work on, but I was informed this was a practice video they shared with me merely because they knew I am aficionado of Firefly.

 

 

Thoughts on the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire

The_Conquest_of_Tenochtitlan.jpg

Quite randomly, my son and his best friend Dylan Lohrstorfer asked me late this afternoon:
Question 1: What do you think about the Conquest of Mexico by the Conquistadores?
Answer 1: (I responded extemporaneously, without thinking…)

Question 1:

Mexico was not really conquered by Hernan Cortez and Pedro de Alvarado with Bernal Diaz del Castillo at all.  After they had spent a few months in Mexico City the first time, as honored guests of the Huey Tlatoani Moteuczoma (aka “Montezuma Xocoyotzin” = Montezuma the Younger, the elder being “Montezuma Ilhuicamina” “Archer to the Sky”) who received them as “Divine Guests” either being or Representing Quetzalcoatl, the “Conquistadors” were summarily “uninvited” and expelled on pain of certain death during what was called the “Sad Night” (“Noche Triste”).

Alvarado was among the last to escape, having been caught in bed with an Aztec princess or so the story goes, and not really wanting to leave…. so the Aztec royal guard blocked the bridges across the canal over which he had to escape and Alvarado famously leapt about 10 meters (30 feet) which should have been impossible….the site of Alvarado’s leap was marked by a tree which has survived these five hundred years (or been replaced in the same spot by a similar tree, I’m not sure), which is call the “Tree of the Sad Night” or “El Arbol de la Noche Triste.”

You have to learn (and remember) that Mexico City, when it was Aztec Tenochtitlan Mexico, was a large city of canals and artificial islands reclaimed from a Swamp much like Venice, with much less land than water overall.  The Aztec who saw it said it was bigger than any city in Europe, larger than any known to Europeans except some of the cities of China.   But the Spanish did not all get out of Tenochtitlan alive… one left behind was a sick Moor (soldier of Arab descent and coloring) who had fallen sick of the small pox.   And so, the real conquest of Mexico began.

Aztec_Empire_c_1519.png

Image source: Wikipedia. Aztec Empire on the Eve of the Spanish Conquest

After the battle and escape of the Noche Triste (“Sad Night”) this dying body of the Moor apparently managed to infect another host and within weeks, Small Pox was spreading like wildfire through the Aztec Capital.  Within a few months, the population of Mexico Tenochtitlan was worse than decimated, and may have declined by as much as 75%.  This is because, as bad as small pox plagues were in Europe, the people had some historical exposure and built up genetic resistance to small pox, whereas the Native Americans DID NOT.

So the conquistadores, effectively, only “Conquered” Mexico because of unintentional use of “biological weapons” (as Jenny Calendar pointed out once in BtVS).  Their (the Spanish) accidental introduction of the Bubonic Plague into Mexico in 1520 was repeated several times, notably by Hernando de Soto in what is now the American South.

Otherwise, the “Conquest of Mexico” would probably have been aborted on the Sad Night…. and either Cortez and his troops would have eventually left or been slaughtered.  there were very few of them, at first only about 120-130 if memory serves me.  They got reinforcements and a few Indian Allies, among them the Tlaxcaltecas and inhabitants of what are now the Mexican states of Puebla and Veracruz.  But the Spanish never quite understood (or recognized) how much stronger their bacteria were than their arms…. Spanish Cannon and Rifles in 1519-1521 were as likely to explode and kill or injure the user as the target… and Spanish horses were so few that their strategic advantages were almost nil.  So that’s the introductory “lecture” on the Spanish Conquest of Mexico (and Peru and North America also—the same story of accidental biological warfare was repeated several times).

Lake_Texcoco_c_1519.png

Image Source: Wikipedia: Lake Texaco

Featured Image Source at top: Wikipedia “from the Conquest of México series.Representing the 1521 Fall of Tenochtitlan, in the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire.”

The only major reciprocity (the only real “Revenge” Montezuma’s people ever took against Europe, despite touristic jargon and lore about forms of dysentery) in the “Columbian Microbial Exchange” was kind of weak and inadequate:
Europeans had no resistance to syphilis which was apparently extremely common among the Native Americans…. who had developed a nearly complete immunity to it.  But during the 16th century, the introduction of syphilis into Europe was like a miniature plague—but since it could ONLY be passed along by sexual intercourse, its wasn’t nearly as widespread or fatal to the larger population as Small Pox Plagues (and other maladies including even that certain upper respiratory tract ailment which we call “the common cold”) were to the Aztec and other Native Americans.
Apologetic Disclaimer: My 25 year old son Charles Lincoln IV, B.A., J.D., LL.M. (who should know better), and his best friend Dylan Lorhstorfer published the above text and added the illustrations without my advance knowledge or consent, but I guess I’m approving it now and taking the blame for writing such drivel.  But I did give them access to my blog to maintain it and edit it…  I, myself, haven’t even looked at, much less read, the Wikipedia article on the Conquest of Mexico (and I don’t really want to—because I despise Wikipedia’s historical and political biases)—but I’m fairly sure it covers the smallpox epidemic in Tenochtitlan (and if it doesn’t—someone needs to add it.) I haven’t even referred back to my copies of Bernal Diaz del Castillo, William Hickling Prescott, Jacques Soustelle, Rudolf van Zantijck, Fray Bernaldino de Sahagun or any other book or standard source…. The history of this article and the one before (as well as ones that may follow)…. some friends who are still at university and continuing their education asked me questions and this was what I wrote…. but I AM a Ph.D. and the rank informality of it all has to be explained….
 
I originally wrote this text just as a long afternoon message answering a question from my overspecialized and only partially educated son (who is, regrettably, at least half crazy, and probably much worse—-much like his father in that regard) and his slightly undereducated best friend from Cedar Park, Texas, who has a healthy hunger for knowledge.  They are both (at best only) somewhat lazily pursuing their education by asking ME questions in the afternoon, and they just happened “Al Hazard” to ask me (via Facebook Messaging) about the conquest of Mexico. They then decided without my knowledge or consent to publish my response and edit it here…. but I guess it’s kind of cute.  If it strikes anyone as totally moronic, I can always edit it, take it down…. or submit it to the Holy Office of Inquisition for Imprimatur/Nihil Obstat.
 
Thus, most of the textual substance was really me (with my son’s and his friend’s minor changes and addition of all the illustrations, pirated from somewhere, I HOPE with permission), but the photos and combination–as well as the final impetus to publish this–is from Charlie Lincoln IV and his artistic friend Dylan… they both at least claim to be interested in my work and thinking…. and when they were small boys we had a lot of fun together out in Lago Vista and elsewhere….  But that was a long, long time ago, in a galaxy far away, when raccoons were under an attack….
 
If I were to bother to cite some sources or at least check them, this could be a lot better and more detailed.  But I wrote most of it in less than a half an hour, maybe twenty minutes, off the top of my head.  My son was impressed because he’s always asking me to write about things and I never get around to it.  I do have a Ph.D. from Harvard, you know, following an M.A. from Harvard, following a B.A. from Tulane, supplemented with 15 regular (and some highly irregular) field seasons in the Southwestern U.S., Mexico, Central America, and Colombia….

Where, how, do I start studying seriously to learn real American history?

Around 5:30 p.m. on Sunday, September 9, 2017, my son Charlie’s (CEALIV) best friend since childhood, Dylan Lohrstorfer, asked “Where, how, do I, should I start studying seriously to learn real American History?”  Dylan and Charlie are both 25 years old, although Dylan is about 6 months older, both born in 1992—Dylan in Texas, my son in Florida (during Hurricane Andrew, as it happened).  It happened, of course, that 1992 was the 500th anniversary of (1) the final expulsion of the Jews and Muslims from Spain at the end of “La Reconquista” [at the beginning of the year] and (2) Columbus’ first voyage across the Atlantic, which happened, ironically (amazingly) enough, right during Hurricane Season (August-October, 1992).  It’s remarkable to think that had this in some senses idiotic navigator been caught in a storm….which was highly probable that time of year… his name would be utterly lost to history.

Dylan is a devoted Catholic (he works at St. Thomas Moore on FM 620 towards Mansfield Dam in Williamson County).  He has more than an average sensitivity to all things religious and spiritual, and although my son has far exceeded him in formal education, I think Dylan’s artistic tendencies, and spiritual devotions… make him more sensitive.  My son is obsessed with his Harvard Bachelor’s Degree, his J.D., and his University of Amsterdam LLM. in International Tax Law…. so he tends decidedly in a more… material direction.

ANYHOW—to anyone who wants to learn American history “for real” and “seriously” is to start with a catalog of names, memorize them, and then distribute them in time and space, and only then to begin to learn the processual interconnections and socio-economic, cultural, and political systems which produced the names and created the distributions and interconnections. THAT is the essence of the “old fashioned”way I would suggest studying American history (meaning the history of ALL the Americas, of the so-called “New World”).  The place to begin is with the status and history of Spain (Castile, Aragon, Granada, Portugal, and Cordoba) in 1492 and Christopher Columbus first four voyages. You can move back into Native American history in Mexico and Peru or Archaeology everywhere else, but 1492 was like the moment when that Meteor hit at the Cretaceous-Triassic boundary. You have to know that moment and everything associated with the 300 years before and after to understand American History in a meaningful way. Look at all the places Columbus visited and all the things he saw. Learn that geography.

1600px-Viajes_de_colon_en.svg.png

Image of Columbus’s voyages. Image Source: Wikipedia.

Compare with:

ColombusMap.jpg

“”Columbus map”, drawn c. 1490 in the Lisbon workshop of Bartolomeo and Christopher Columbus” Image source: Wikipedia.

1192-1792 is your 600 year time frame in which the foundations for all modern realities, social, cultural and political. But you need to focus on 1492 and Columbus’ explorations, the antecedents snd the consequences. Who were Queen Isabella of Castille and King Ferdinand of Aragon? Where are Granada, Cordoba, and Seville in Spain? What was “La Reconquista?” Who was Henry VII? Who was John Cabot? What is Newfoundland? Who were the Caribs? Of what importance was Cod to the English? Who was Montezuma? Who was Cuautemoc? Who was Hernan Cortez? Who was Francisco Pizzaro? Who was Bartolome de las Casa?

Bartolome de las Casas?

Bartolomedelascasas.jpg

Featuring Bartolome de las Casas Image Source: Wikipedia.

Who was Francisco de Montejo? Who was Bishop Diego de Landa?

Who was Guamanpoma de Ayala?

Who was Sir Walter Raleigh? Virginia Dare?What was the Treaty of Tordesillas?

Who was Emperor Charles V? Why did they name the oldest brand of chocolate in Europe after him?

Who was Sir Francis Drake?

WHERE IS NEW ALBION?

Where is Old Albion? What is Perfidious Albion?

Who were the Quiche? What was the legend of El Dorado? Who was Francisco de Coronado? Who was Cabeza de Vaca? Who was Juan Pomce de Leon? Which name is older: Brazil, California, Cuba, Florida, Jamaica, or Santo Domingo? What is Borinquen? Where were the Seven Cities of Cibola? Who was Hernando de Soto? Who were the Moundbuilders? What is “the Southern Cult”? Who were the Anasazi? What does “Pueblo” mean in Spanish? Who or what was Quetzalcoatl? Tezcatlipoca? Huitzilopochtli? Tenochtitlan? Teotihuacan? Tula? Mayapan?

Answer all those questions and you will be on your way…

Organize the questions and your answers and put them in time sequence and geographical-spatial order on a map. One will find the Treaty of Tordesillas, Bartolome de las Casas, Bernaldino de Sahagun, and Diego de Landa perhaps particularly interesting.

Question: What were the targets of the first shots of Israel’s 6 Day War in 1967? Answer: against the US Navy, specifically the USS Liberty!

 

David Gahary’s http://www.erasingtheliberty.com project and commentary by Kenn Gividen, Charles E. Lincoln, and Pastor Larry Beane focus attention on one of the least known crimes of the century.  The attack on Liberty was a PRECURSOR to 9-11, just as Menachim Begin’s attack on the King David Hotel was PRECURSOR to the Establishment of the State of Israel.  Who is the leader of all International Terrorism in the World?  Is it the MOSSAD?  If not then who?

REMEMBER THE USS LIBERTY (50th Anniversary of the 6 Days War in June—Israel’s First Attack was against the US Navy, NOT EGYPT!

Kenn Gividen and I, together with David Gahary and Pastor Larry Beane REMEMBER THE USS LIBERTY—it has been Fifty Years since the 6 Days War started with an attack (not on Egypt but… on the USA:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tK4rJR1lIfo